The sealed bidding, is formal advertising which involves the issuance of an
Invitation for Bid (IFB) by a procuring agency.
Sealed bidding is how the government contracts competitively when its
requirements are clear, accurate and complete. An Invitation For Bid (IFB,
IFBs) is the method used for the sealed bid process.
IFBs usually include a copy of the specifications for the particular proposed
purchase, instructions for preparation of bids, and the conditions of purchase,
delivery and payment schedule. The IFB also designates the date and time of bid
Following receipt and evaluation of the bids, a contract is usually awarded to
the lowest priced bidder, determined to be responsive and responsible by the
Each sealed bid is opened in public at the purchasing office at the time
designated in the invitation. Facts about each bid are read aloud and recorded.
A contract is then awarded to the low bidder whose bid conforms with all
requirements of the invitation and will be advantageous to the government in
terms of price, and price-related factors included in the invitation.